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Real origin of the Swedish band ABBA is in the year 1969, when singer and pianist Benny Andersson, a former member of the popular beat band The Hep Stars with singer and guitarist, a member of the folk-rock band The Hootenanny Singers Björn Ulvaeus got together. They began to compose together and to work for Stig Anderson's (composer too) musical publishing company Polar Music/Union Songs. In that time they also met fate with their future mates in work and home-lives. Björn wedded popular songstress Agnetha Fältskog (marriage 1971) and Benny married jazz songstress Anni-Frid Lyngstad (marriage 1978). In the year 1972 duo Andersson-Ulvaeus recorded international hit "People Need Love", in which Anni-Frid and Agnetha sung accompanying vocals already. This success led in the participation in international contest Eurovision in the year 1973. They appeared as Björn, Benny, Agnetha & Frida, sung the song "Ring Ring" and finished in the third place. In the following year they participated again already as ABBA (acronym from the initial letters of their first names, which Stig Anderson thought out) and they were victorious with the song "Waterloo". Then however the period of stagnation came and next singles did not reach the charts. But they brought in the song "S.O.S.", which has grown into hit not only in England and U.S.A. but also in many Europe countries in 1975. The number of successful songs followed and ABBA became commercially the most prosperous band in the seventieth years. In 1978 they released the movie ABBA - The Movie, in which they starred in title-roles. In the same year Agnetha and Björn split. Benny and Anni-Frid divorced two years later. Some songs from this period on Voulez-Vous and Super Trouper albums were certainly inspired by their personal lives. They published their last original album The Visitors in 1981 and in the year-end of the 1982 the band split up.

Books in Czech:

  • ABBA
    Andrew Oldham, Tony Calder & Colin Irwin, BB art, Praha 1996

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